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This year's authoritative guide to energy work comes, and the installed capacity of non fossil energy power generation will be increased by 12%
Datetime:2021-04-26 09:43:05    views:273
In 2021, China's authoritative guidelines on energy work will be released.
On April 22, the official website of the National Energy Administration issued the guidance on energy work in 2021 (hereinafter referred to as the "opinions"). The document puts forward five major goals for this year's energy work, including energy structure, supply guarantee, quality and sales, scientific and technological innovation and system reform.
According to the opinions, the goal of energy structure is to reduce the proportion of coal consumption in China to below 56% in 2021, which is another percentage point lower than that of last year; About 200 billion kwh of electricity will be replaced by new electric energy, and the proportion of electric energy in terminal energy consumption will strive to reach about 28%, an increase of 1 percentage point over last year.
During the 13th Five Year Plan period, the proportion of coal in primary energy consumption continued to decrease, from 63% to 57%. Over the same period, the proportion of installed coal-fired power has also declined year by year, from 59% at the end of 2015 to 49.1% at the end of 2020, with a historic decline to less than 50%.
Over the same period, the annual average growth rate of non fossil energy installed capacity was 13.1%, and its proportion in the total installed capacity increased from 34.8% at the end of 2015 to 44.8% at the end of 2020, an increase of 10 percentage points.
This year, the goal of supply guarantee is that the country's total energy production will reach about 4.2 billion tons of standard coal.
Among them, oil production was about 196 million tons, a slight increase of 0.5% over last year; The output of natural gas is about 2025 billion cubic meters, an increase of about 7.2% over last year; The installed capacity of non fossil energy power generation will strive to reach about 1.1 billion kilowatts, an increase of 12.24% over last year.
This year's goal of quality efficiency is to reduce energy consumption per unit of GDP by about 3%. The allocation of energy resources is more reasonable, the utilization efficiency is greatly improved, the utilization rate of renewable energy such as wind power and photovoltaic power generation remains at a high level, and the average utilization hours of trans regional transmission channels are increased to about 4100 hours.
The goal of scientific and technological innovation is to speed up the process of tackling key problems of energy short board technology and equipment, and effectively promote the independent substitution of key core technology, key equipment and key products.
The goal of the system reform is to achieve a longer period of settlement trial operation in the first batch of spot power pilot areas, steadily expand the scope of spot pilot areas, and further enhance the degree of marketization of power trading. We will improve the power market system linking the medium and long-term, spot and ancillary service markets.
In order to achieve the above goals, the opinions put forward the requirements of enhancing the ability of energy security and accelerating the clean and low-carbon transformation and development.
Under the goal of carbon peak and carbon neutral, China will gradually reduce its dependence on coal. At the same time, renewable energy will enter the power system in a large scale and proportion, and gradually become the main body of new power installation, which makes new changes in China's energy structure.
It is clear in the opinions that non fossil energy should be vigorously developed. This year, wind power and photovoltaic power generation accounted for about 11% of the total social electricity consumption, an increase of 1.45 percentage points.
By the end of 2020, China's full-scale power generation will reach 7.62 trillion kwh, with 466.5 billion kwh of grid connected wind power and 261.1 billion kwh of grid connected solar power, accounting for 9.55%.
With the increasing proportion of renewable energy, the problem of consumption has attracted the attention of the market.
According to the opinions, we should improve the electricity market mechanism of clean energy consumption and actively promote the new mode and application of local and nearby consumption. On the premise of ensuring the security of power grid, we should promote the integration of load and storage of power source network and the complementary development of multi energy, enhance the new energy transmission capacity of transmission channel, and increase the proportion of clean power in the central and eastern regions.
In addition, it is necessary to speed up the construction of UHVDC transmission channels from northern Shaanxi to Hubei and Yazhong to Jiangxi, speed up the construction of key projects such as Baihetan Jiangsu and Fujian Guangdong interconnection, and promote the preliminary work of Baihetan Zhejiang UHVDC project. We will further improve the layout and structure of the main grid, and enhance the power mutual aid capacity among provinces.
The Opinions also mentioned that we should strengthen the construction of power emergency peak shaving capacity, actively promote the construction of new power systems with new energy as the main body, promote the construction of strong local power grids in Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Chongqing, Guangzhou, Shenzhen and other pilot cities, and strengthen the construction of emergency standby and peak shaving power sources. Study the policy measures and market mechanism to promote the flexible transformation of thermal power, and accelerate the flexible transformation of 300000 kW and some 600000 kW coal-fired units.
As for hydropower development, the "opinions" said that it would solidly promote the planning and construction of hydropower stations in major river basins, and complete and put into operation the first batch of units of Baihetan Hydropower Station on schedule.
As for nuclear power, the opinions said that it will actively and orderly develop on the premise of ensuring safety.
In addition, we will promote the construction of solar thermal power generation demonstration projects as soon as possible, study and start geothermal power generation demonstration projects in Tibet and other places, orderly promote the development and utilization of biomass energy, and accelerate the demonstration of non grain biofuel ethanol industry such as cellulose.
According to the opinions, in 2021, a new round of national medium and long-term planning for pumped storage will be carried out, the completion and operation of pumped storage power stations such as changlongshan and Huanggou will be accelerated, and the construction of pumped storage power stations such as Taishun and Fengxin will be approved and started.
In addition, we should accelerate the construction of charging and swapping infrastructure, promote the implementation of electric energy substitution according to local conditions, vigorously promote the substitution of electricity for coal and electricity for oil, orderly promote the substitution of electricity for gas, and improve the level of terminal energy electrification.
For the coal industry, the "opinions" put forward that it will further promote the control of total coal consumption, strengthen the management of bulk coal, and promote the clean and efficient utilization of coal. We should adhere to the principle of "increasing the production capacity while reducing the production capacity, increasing the quality and eliminating the inferior", conscientiously carry out the classified disposal of coal mines of less than 300000 tons / year, and orderly approve a number of qualified coal mines with advanced production capacity according to the principle of capacity replacement.
Recently, the price of coal fluctuates greatly《 The opinions pointed out that it is necessary to pay close attention to the changes of coal supply and demand situation in the northeast, "two lakes and one river" and other regions, strengthen the production and transportation demand dispatching, and keep the port and power plant inventory at a reasonable level.
The "opinions" also made it clear that this year, we will strengthen the analysis and judgment of the supply and demand trend of electric power and natural gas, and plan the response measures in advance from the aspects of resource supply, infrastructure layout, demand side management, etc. for the areas where there may be time and regional supply and demand contradictions.
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