"Hydrogen plays an important role in achieving carbon peak and carbon neutralization goals", "accelerating breakthrough of key materials and core technology equipment of hydrogen energy", "renewable energy hydrogen production cost is expected to achieve parity by 2030"
Recently, at the 14th five year plan hydrogen industry development forum held by China hydrogen energy and fuel cell industry innovation strategic alliance (hereinafter referred to as "China hydrogen energy alliance"), participants believed that as a zero carbon energy, hydrogen energy plays an important role in helping carbon reach peak and carbon neutralization goals“ During the 14th Five Year Plan period, we should improve basic research, cutting-edge technology and innovation capabilities and gradually reduce the cost of hydrogen consumption.
It is important to realize the peak of carbon and neutralize hydrogen energy
In September, 2020, China announced that it will strive to achieve the peak carbon dioxide emissions by 2030 and achieve carbon neutralization by 2060 years. This year's "government work report" is clear, and solid efforts are made to achieve peak carbon, carbon neutralization.
"The proposal of carbon peak and carbon neutralization goals has made clear the vision and task of China to deal with climate change and green and low carbon development in the middle of this century. Hydrogen energy will play an important role in this process." Xuguanhua, director of the strategic Steering Committee of the China hydrogen energy alliance and former Minister of the Ministry of science and technology and academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, said.
Li Ye, the director of the state energy administration, pointed out that in recent years, countries represented by Europe, Japan and South Korea have taken hydrogen energy as an important part of decarbonization energy system and a new engine for green economic recovery. Hydrogen energy is also an important exploration direction of China's energy revolution“ At present, 23 provinces and autonomous regions in China have issued hydrogen energy planning and guidance. The key core technologies have achieved remarkable results and the overall development of the whole industry chain is in good condition. " Li Ye said.
In xuguanhua's view, as a strategic emerging industry, hydrogen energy development is a strategic and long-term problem, and the unity of the two should be adhered to; We should give full play to the potential of renewable energy, vigorously develop renewable energy such as solar energy, wind energy, biomass energy, and then use renewable energy to produce hydrogen; We should recognize the importance of basic technology and frontier technology research in the development of hydrogen industry.
Li Ye said that in recent years, the Energy Bureau has attached importance to and actively promoted the development of hydrogen technology and industry, integrated hydrogen energy into China's energy system, issued policies to guide innovation of hydrogen technology and equipment, and listed hydrogen energy and fuel cell technology as the main direction and key task of energy technology equipment during the 14th Five Year Plan period, and promoted hydrogen energy technology innovation, focusing on Clean hydrogen production The demonstration objectives and reward standards in the field of hydrogen energy are studied and put forward in order to promote the technological innovation in hydrogen energy production and storage and transportation.
"At present, on the issue of accelerating the development of hydrogen technology and industry, there has been a preliminary consensus among all walks of life in the society. Hydrogen energy is an important part of China's energy strategy, and will be incorporated into China's energy system, and will be complementary with power, and become the main consumer of China's energy system, and lead to the formation of a billion level of emerging industries." Xu said.
Increase technological innovation and gradually reduce the cost of hydrogen consumption
"Although hydrogen has great potential in China's energy transformation, China also has rich hydrogen sources and broad market, but there are still some problems in the development of hydrogen industry in China." Li Ye said that the development of hydrogen energy industry in some areas is relatively weak, the development of key technology equipment for hydrogen energy and fuel cell is lagging behind, and the relevant technical standards and testing certification and supervision system are not sound.
Li Ye said that during the "14th five year plan", China should continue to improve the level of key technology core equipment, and accelerate breakthroughs in key materials and core equipment technologies, comprehensively improve basic research, frontier technology and original innovation capability, and gradually reduce the cost of hydrogen consumption, combining with the development and key demonstration of hydrogen energy industry in China, and focusing on the industrial chain of hydrogen storage, transportation, filling and multiple applications, Improve the relevant technical standards and testing certification and supervision system.
Li Ye said that we should accurately grasp the strategic position of hydrogen in the energy revolution and give full play to the role of hydrogen in the construction of clean and low carbon energy system; We should actively carry out international cooperation in the field of hydrogen energy, seize new opportunities for world energy reform, further strengthen international exchanges and cooperation in technology research and development, demonstration projects and industrial development, and jointly promote the due role of hydrogen energy in the construction of clean and low carbon energy system, build hydrogen innovation chain and industrial chain, and participate in international hydrogen energy standardization, Grasp the safety certification standards of hydrogen energy technology equipment.
It is worth noting that the white paper 2020 of China's hydrogen energy and fuel cell industry issued at this forum holds that decarbonization is the first driving force for the development of hydrogen energy industry in this round. The cost of hydrogen production from renewable energy is expected to achieve parity in 2030. Under the scenario of carbon neutralization in 2060, the scale of hydrogen production from renewable energy is expected to reach 100 million tons, and the proportion of end-end energy consumption will reach 20%, The key to the hydrogen energy to help carbon neutralization is to improve the low carbon clean hydrogen policy system.
"Although the hydrogen industry is in the early stage of development in China, the direction of hydrogen energy is certain. The development of hydrogen energy should be unified from the strategic level, firmly go on, do a good job in basic scientific research, solve industrial problems, explore effective joint mechanism, give full play to the advantages of integration of all parties, and finally will achieve the fruits of victory." Xu said.